Written by Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1870s, which he included in his 1881 novel Anandamath.The first two verses of the song were adopted as the National Song of India in October 1937 by Congress Working Committee prior to the end of colonial rule in August 1947
An ode to Durga as the Mother goddess, it was written in Bengali script in the novel Anandmath.The "mother goddess" in later verses of the song has been interpreted as the motherland of the people
It played a vital role in the Indian independence movement, first sung in a political context by Rabindranath Tagore at the 1896 session of the Indian National Congress
he song and the novel containing it was banned by the British government, but workers and general public defied the ban, many went to colonial prisons repeatedly for singing it, and the ban was overturned by the Indians after they gained independence from the colonial rule.
In 1950 (after India's independence), the first two verses of the song were declared the "national song" of the Republic of India, distinct from the national anthem of India, Jana Gana Mana.
Sung by Shreya Ghoshal this song is released by Sagarika Music.
The musical arrangement is done by Appa Wadhavkar.